International day of fighting with violence against women
Published: 25 nov 2015
Afghan women refuse to be silenced
Published: March 6, 2015 Updated: March 6, 2015
Although the number of media increased exponentially, it is dangerous to raise his voice in Afghanistan. Many women remain silent, but their stories are a source of knowledge, says playwright Monirah Hashemi and blogger Somaya Rezai, who both live in exile and refuse to be silenced. At the same time they are concerned that women’s rights in the country is in decline.
– All girls and women in Afghanistan have experienced war and has experience of the country’s traditions. Most often they dare not talk about violence and violations because of the honor culture to blame those poor women. But as long as they conceal their stories go oppressors freedom and knowledge lost, says Monirah Hashemi, who on March 8 participates in a seminar arranged by the Swedish PEN.
Self forced Monirah Hashemi to flee to Sweden because of his work as a playwright. Convinced that acting helps women to free themselves she ran a theater company in Afghanistan, who also worked in the countryside where she says that oppression is the greatest. In connection with the courses in acting, participants were given the opportunity to practice raising their voices and not averting our eyes. And they learned came to change them also in everyday life. Although the women in the audience discovered that they shared experiences with other women.
Afghanistan has approved the UN Convention on the political rights and freedoms, including women’s equality before the law, equal rights to education and right to work. And where freedom of expression is inviolable and the country has a new massmedialag to strengthen press freedom and prevent censorship. But despite the increased number of journalists killed last year by fifty per cent compared to the previous year according to a report by Amnesty International . The same applies to the number of attacks against journalists. The report also found that the government failed to condemn the perpetrators.
The number of media in Afghanistan continues to increase,according to the US organization Freedom House , especially in the capital, Kabul, and on radio and television criticized the government. city dwellers use of internet and mobile phones has grown exponentially , according to the Swedish Committee for Afghanistan, which further broadened the flow of information.
– When I started this in 2010, there were no women who laid out photographs of themselves because they risked being seen as prostitutes. Today, many people use their own photos. Social media lit up the lives of urban young women and helping to improve their situation step by step, says blogger Somaya Rezai who also visits the Swedish PEN on 8 March.
When Somaya Rexai started blogging eight years ago, she got new ideas and her voice changed. Now she tweets from exile Stockholm and writes articles on afghanhumanright.org. With the aim to increase awareness among the Afghan population on human rights and inform the international activists of the crimes committed.
Today there are women parliamentarians, judges and police officers in Afghanistan. Since the fall of the Taliban go many more girls in school. Though not to the same extent as boys. Thirteen years after NATO, with the support of the UN, went into the country’s literacy rate is still low, especially among women in rural areas.
Although violence against girls and women has increased over the last year compared to the year before, according to Amnesty International, but it is unclear if this was actually increased violence and increased awareness and that it has become easier to report crimes. The Law on the Elimination of Violence against Women was applied, however, only seventeen percent of all reported cases of violence against women during the year.
In a new report warns the British aid organization Oxfam that the achievements made since 2001, risk being lost if the new government is not standing up for women’s rights. The opposition in the parliament of the law on elimination of violence against women is alarming. Deep-rooted traditions, such as the exchange of women to resolve family conflicts, lives on. Quota for women’s representation in the provincial parliaments has decreased and female voices in peace negotiations with the Taliban are conspicuous by their absence.
Both Monirah Hashemi and Somaya Rezai believe that the rights and improvements that Afghan women to scan kit itself may disappear. Just like Somaya Rezai continues Monirah Hashemi to be a voice for women in the country through theater in Sweden and tours around the world. They emphasize both that the international community must continue to listen to and support the Afghan women that they should dare to make their voices heard.
Text: Ann-Catrin Emanuelsson
Interview with International French Radio about Afghan immigrants hard life in Iran.
Interview with the manager of Amasangari blog.